The government on Friday notified the Banking Regulation (Amendment) Ordinance 2017, kick-starting a new framework to deal with Rs 6 lakh crore worth of non-performing assets in the Indian banking system.
The ordinance comes into force immediately and enables the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to direct banks to initiate bankruptcy proceedings of defaulting companies under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code. The banking regulator has also been empowered to decide on dealing with toxic assets and instructing banks to act accordingly. The RBI will also set up multiple oversight committees to direct banks and joint-lending forums to deal with the stressed assets.
Two sections defining these powers have been inserted after Section 35A in the Banking Regulations Act. After the cabinet cleared the ordinance on Wednesday, President Pranab Mukherjee’s assent came early Friday morning.
“Whereas the stressed assets in the banking system have reached unacceptably high levels and urgent measures are required for their resolution… And whereas Parliament is not in session and the President is satisfied that circumstances exist which render it necessary for him to take immediate action,” the gazette notification stated.
Further details are awaited from Finance Minister Arun Jaitley’s press conference later today. What is learnt so far is that the new framework may also allow state-owned banks to conduct open auctions of NPAs, wherein cash-rich public sector companies will be encouraged to buy such assets in their sector. It contains a set of fresh guidelines for public auction of assets by the state owned banks for the steel and power sector, which account for a majority of toxic assets.
The aim is to monitor progress on the top 35-40 non-performing assets of all banks. These constitute 60 per cent of all NPAs by value.
The framework also envisages amendments to the Prevention of Corruption Act to exempt commercial decisions by public sector banks from scrutiny by investigating agencies. Both the amendments are likely in the monsoon session of Parliament.
The government has asked banks to provide data on their top NPA accounts. It has also sought more information from consortium leaders.